Diabetic retinopathy is when the small blood vessels in your retina leak blood.

This affects the light sensitive layer of cells at the back of your eye. Although it will not affect your sight in the early stages, if it is left untreated it can lead to a loss of vision.

Diabetic retinopathy affects individuals who have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The risk is higher if you have high blood sugar, blood pressure or cholesterol. You may have gradually worsening vision, sudden vision loss, blurred vision, or shapes floating in your field of vision.

Treatment for diabetic retinopathy comes in the form of medicated injections into your eyes. You may be referred for laser treatment or be recommended a surgical operation to remove blood or scar tissue.

 Who is affected by diabetic retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy affects people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, especially if you:

  • have high levels of blood sugar
  • have high blood pressure
  • have high cholesterol
  • are pregnant
  • are of Asian or Afro-Caribbean background

 How do you treat diabetic retinopathy?

You will usually be treated for diabetic retinopathy in hospital. The main treatments are:

  • injections of medication into your eyes
  • laser treatment
  • an operation to remove blood or scar tissue from your eyes



 If you think you may have diabetic retinopathy, please get in touch with us at Midlands Community Eyecare to book an appointment with an NHS registered home visiting optician in Birmingham, Staffordshire, Warwickshire and Worcestershire.

  Call Us On 0121 517 0218